Thursday, 29 February 2024 08:49

The writing of history of the Jews of Morocco

Wednesday, 14 November 2018

On the agenda of this first day of the conference on "Moroccan Judaism: for a" shared "Moroccan", placed under the High Patronage of HM King Mohammed VI, a second session was held under the theme "the writing of the history of the Jews of Morocco "with the participation of Mr. JamaĆ¢ Baida, Historian, Director of the Archives of Morocco and Mr. Michel Abitbol, Historian and specialist of Judo-Muslim relations, with the moderation of Mr. Salomon Malka, writer and journalist.

Mr. Jamaa Baida exposed in his speech a brief history of the studies carried out on Moroccan Judaism, from independence to the present day.
"We began with the euphoria of independence in 1956 where the slogan was religion is God's homeland is to all" when the late Sultan Mohammed V said in his speech of November 18, 1956 that "Moroccans Israelites have the same rights as other Moroccans. "
A period characterized by an uncertain economic situation following the departure of the European colon, a fierce partisan struggle, the accession of Morocco to the Arab League and the dissolution of the Kadima. Factors among others that stimulated an emigration process that was not at its first attempt.
"The story will keep written in black and white that during this time the migration of the Jews will have deprived Morocco of potentialities or when it needed them". In 1958, 250,000 Jewish souls in Morocco.
An interest "more or less dispassionate" is growing within the Moroccan University where new insights on Moroccan Judaism will emerge. As early as 1970, academic research influenced by the Annales school in France studied Moroccan Judaism: "there is no question of approaching the history of Morocco without addressing its Jewish dimension".
An academic process that has found a happy blessing in the new Constitution and in Her Majesty's speeches, including that of February 13, 2013 at Slat Alfassiyine Synagogue. "Morocco's constitutional reforms have paved the way for an unprecedented interest in identity particularities, highlighting the pluralism and diversity of the Kingdom of Morocco," Baida said.
In his speech, Mr. Abitbol asserts that the historiography of Moroccan Judaism, like that of Morocco in general, will take a new turn with the independence of the country for several reasons previously mentioned by Mr. Baida, but testifies that Morocco has been a land of welcome where the Jewish community has enjoyed full citizenship.

"Unthinkable in Europe until modern times, legal, administrative and religious autonomy have been guaranteed by the top of the state," he said.
As specialists, "we have learned that history is always nuanced": In Islam, as in any religion, there is not a perfect match between religious texts and the behavior of the individuals who belong to them.
But history will remember that Jews and Moroccans shared even their most intimate habits in Morocco as for the appearance of dress, for example, which made no difference between the members of the two communities.
The history of Jews around the world has shifted and has been marked by periods of glory and depression. Mr. Abitbol gives a historical account of these historical stages and stops on the Judeo-Andalusian model that "had emerged in all its splendor": Poetry, philosophy and culture influenced by Muslim thinkers like Al-Farabi have known their age of but at this time, broken by the massacre of Granada that will end it.
"It can never be said enough, the influence of Islam on Judaism has given rise to an extremely rich and unique judeo-arab civilization by its language which is a powerful means of communication and acculturation," he said. said.

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